Tag Archives: Archuleta

CF and Tonita Jacques 52 Ancestors/52 Weeks

Maria Antonia Archuleta and Celestino Fidencio Jacques

To be fair, I have little memory of my grandparents. Celestino Fidencio Jacques was born on November 15, 1886 in Blanco Canyon, Largo, NM to Juan N. Jaquez and Anna Maria Lujan. Seeing as he was already 79 years old when I was born, I was the last grandchild (numbering approximately 33), and I wasn’t named after him (Jacqueline Celeste), I had little contact with him. I do remember him but not in any personal way. I actually remember his brothers better than I remember him, as they came to California for his funeral. But before I get to that, let’s start from the beginning.


He was born smack dab right in the middle of the pack. His older siblings were Sara, Filberto, and Josefina. Then Celestino and his younger siblings Alexandro, Onofre, Lucy, and Celia. As most of the US Census for the year 1890 was destroyed, we must jump ahead to 1900. We find him at the age of 13 living with his parents and siblings. It appears that perhaps his name was originally spelled Selestino. His father was listed as a farmer. Selestino was listed as being in school and that he can read, write, and speak English. I do love that. When you look at his handwriting, you can see how lovely it was. For being raised on a farm, school work was important to this family.


By the Thirteenth Census which was taken on 15th day of April in 1910, we find Selestino still living with his parents at the age of 23, and according to this Census, he was already married to Tonita, age 21. They were married on December 13, 1909. About this time is when he must have changed the spelling of his first name to Celestino, as that is what is listed on this marriage license.

cf and tonita pic

I came across this document one day when I was visiting Aunt Della. I used to drive to Manteca to visit her and take her grocery shopping. She never learned to drive and lived by herself in the 1980’s, so I would drive down, take her to lunch, take her grocery shopping, and then just visit with her. One day we were looking at stuff in her bedroom and when she opened her drawer, I saw what looked like a very old certificate that had been rolled up and kept in her drawer. I asked her about it and she pulled it out to show me. On the back, Celestino had written his and Tonita’s birth dates, along with all of his children, the day they were born and his first three or four grandchildren (yes, at number 33 I didn’t make the list, hahaha). I thought it was extraordinary. I asked Aunt Della if I could borrow it for a bit. She said I could and I promptly took it to a framing shop and had it put in a special frame with glass on both sides so that we didn’t lose the information Celestino had written about his family. I returned it to Aunt Della and she was very pleased with how I had it framed. She decided that I should have it back after she passed away.

Tonita Archuleta was the second to the youngest of her family. If you need a refresher on her parents and heritage, look at my last post of Ricardo DeJesus Archuleta and Maria Adriana Valdez. She had four older brothers but her closest sibling in age was Simon. Her youngest sibling was Geronima.


Their first child was Epifano Nepomuceno Jaques, born April 7, 1911. These are the rest of their children:

Delavina Sinforosa Jaquez (Aunt Della) October 7, 1912
Eduardo Ernesto Jaquez (Uncle Ernest) October 13, 1913
Fidencio Amarante Jaquez (Uncle Fred) November 12, 1914
Francisco Audelio Jaquez (Uncle Frank) December 12, 1915
Juanita Sinforosa Jaquez (Aunt Jane) March 30, 1917
Rosa Dortella Jaquez (Aunt Dorothy) November 3, 1920
Timoteo Celestino Jaquez (Daddy) December 9, 1927
Angelina M Jaquez (Aunt Angie) November 20, 1929

394Fred, Jane, Eppie, Frank and Della

When they lived on the ranch, Tonita was responsible for cooking for her entire family, along with all of the ranch hands too.


One of the joys of researching ancestry is when you come across documents that your ancestor has signed. Here is the draft card for Celestino from World War II.

CF Jacquez

Celestino was working on the farm and by 1935 they had moved to Montrose, Colorado, trying to earn a living.


This is the directory listing for 1938 when Celestino and Tonita were living at 612 E. Jackson Street in Stockton.

CF Jaques



By May 9, 1940, Celestino and Tonita are living in Stockton, along with their children: Timothy, age 12, Angelina, age 10 and granddaughter Maryann Viola, age 5. Celestino had been unemployed for 78 weeks, after having been employed by Public Emergency Work as a laborer for Street Improvement.



About this time, Celestino left the home and Tonita was left to care for the remaining children at home. Timothy did his best to step in for his absent father, becoming the head of the home and helping with his younger sister and niece. Timothy signed up for World War II then sent his paycheck back to his mother and helped purchase her home.



In the end, they were not friends (in case you can’t tell, they are leaning away from each other here in approx. April of 1962)

I do have some memories of Tonita. I can remember sitting on the floor behind her rocker because Uncle Ernest had walked in (he liked to scare me). She had a little glass bird that would tip down (I liked to play with it), but her house was very scary.

After she was ill and in the rest home, my Aunt Angie took Jackie and I to visit Grandma. Each of her grandchildren received a rosary at her funeral.

Grandpa Jacques’ brothers, Uncle Alex and Uncle Onofre both came for his funeral. They were both very nice and I thought it was so exotic that they had come from New Mexico (I was eight).

I think if we examine their relationship and their lives (not too closely, please), the best conclusion we can make is that they made some really great parents. My father was a really great man, loving, responsible, and he thought he was very funny (yes, I know, I have the same “I’m funny” quality). He did the best that he could by his wife, his children, and anyone who knew him.

That is our takeaway. CF and Tonita must have done something right. That spark of specialness in them and in their relationship has been passed down into their children, our children, grandchildren, and those to come. So, our hats are off to you, CF and Tonita, for giving our family a good start.

Ricardo DeJesus Archuleta – 52 Weeks/52 Ancestors

Ricardo DeJesus Archuleta was born on December 20, 1856 in El Rito, Abiquiu Parish, Territory of New Mexico to Jose Toribio Archuleta and Maria De La Luz Trujillo. El Rito (Spanish for Little River) was a short 45-50 miles from Blanco, NM.

El Rito was one of the first Spanish settlements in Northern New Mexico. This small farming community is steeped in a traditional Spanish lifestyle. The area is still a small farming community but with an added bonus in 2014 – now home to the El Rito Studio tour (elritostudiotour.org) which occurs this year on October 4th and 5th. For two days a year, their entire town is turned into a destination for travelers and purveyors of art. Art lovers flock to the street fair, with artists of every medium imaginable selling their wares. That our family was born and stayed in this community into the 1900’s is amazing.

El Rito

Ricardo’s parents, Toribio and Maria Luz Archuleta had six children, two older girls, Juana Ynocencia and Maria Dorotea, then Ricardo and three younger brothers, Delfino, Geronimo and Manclovio. Ricardo was baptized on December 21, 1856 at Santo Tomas de Abiquiu, New Mexico and his godparents were Salvador Madrid and Maria Manuela Manzanares. In the 1870 Census, which was taken on the 28th day of July, we find Ricardo at the age of 14 living with his parents and siblings in El Rito. His father’s profession is listed as farmer. Toribio was listed as being able to read but not write. His mother could neither read nor write but 14 year old Ricardo could read.



Ricardo Archuleta


When I am researching, particularly my mother’s ancestors, I am very precise about what information I take as a “gospel” because I want proof. Here is one instance I would need to see the proof before I can take the information seriously. Ricardo marries Maria Adriana Valdez and according to everything I have found online, the date of their marriage is 1888. Now, my problem with this is that their first child, Alfred, is born in 1877. Maximo is born in 1880, Elfredo in 1884, Telesforo Simon in 1887, Maria Antonia (Tonita, my grandmother) in 1889 and Jeronima (Jerri) in 1894. Looking at the family structure (very catholic), it’s hard to believe they lived together as a family, had children and still not gotten married prior to 1888. Again, I will have to follow up with the information, most likely from the church, in order to verify that information.

Alfredo Jaqueztonita


When I started my blog, I started with my mother’s ancestors because I have been researching them since the 1980’s. So I had done very little research on my father’s side of the family, although I did take a number of trips with my parents all over New Mexico. In 1993 we stopped at a church in Tierra Amarilla, NM when Taylor was just a baby. We got out and tip-toed down the aisle of the church, awed by the beauty of the chapel, then walked around the graveyard located adjacent to the church. We passed by so many headstones baring the Archuleta name, and I wish I had paid closer attention. My dad would say, “Oh, it must be a relative”. We laughed, then climbed back in their van, heading to the next town. Hard to get those times back.

In the 1880 Census, we find Ricardo and Maria living in Rio Arriba. He is listed as a laborer and she has a profession listed as well – seamstress. I think that is so great. She must have been a very strong person. Their oldest son Alfred was 3 and Maximo 2 months old.


I did not locate a 1890 Census for them yet and I will continue my search for that because I feel like it is important to the puzzle. Maria Adriana died in 1897 in Blanco, NM at the age of 36. So young.

Ricardo 1900


By 1900 everything has changed. He is remarried to a woman by the name of Perfecta. So, if we back up just a moment, let’s review where Maria Adriana’s family came into this picture. Her father was Juan Nepomuceno Valdez and her mother was Juana Maria Gertrudis Archuleta. So, her mother was an Archuleta, her father a Valdez and in 1870 they lived in Tierra Amarilla. Then, Maria Adriana marries Ricardo Archuleta. Willing to bet they were related. Now, she had a sister by the name of Maria Perfecta Valdez.

The 1900 Census shows Ricardo and Perfecta living in Largo, NM with son Antonio, age 20 and son Padro, age 19. Also living with them were Jeronima, a niece, age 18, Cresencia, a niece, age 15 and Adriana, a granddaughter, age 6 and Richardo, a grandson and aged 4.

Now, I met Great Uncle Tony, I knew he was only six months apart from my grandmother and I knew his mother was a sister to my Grandmother’s mother. But seeing it on paper makes me feel sad for Maria Adriana, married to a man who has a child with her sister, while she was married to him. Kind of gives me a headache to think about all of it.

By 1920, they live in Largo, NM along with their niece Jeronima, age 26 and his brother Jeronimo, age 62. On the same census, their neighbors are Teodoro Archuleta and family, Manuel Archuleta and family, Jose Archuleta and family and Manclovio Archuleta and his family. Ricardo is working as a sheep raiser.

In 1930 they live in Blanco, New Mexico, he is 73 years old, Perfecta is 74 years old and it is the first time we don’t find him living on a farm, rather he is living in town but they are still caring for a granddaughter by the name of Edwargen, age 9.

Ricardo DeJesus Archuleta died on April 3, 1931 at 74 years old.


All of the photographs in this post were given to me by Tommy Martinez, with the exception of the photograph of El Rito, taken from the El Rito Studio Tour website.

Juan Nepomuceno Jacquez – 52 Ancestors/52 Weeks


Juan Nepomuceno Jaquez was born on April 6th, 1856 in San Pedro County, Colorado to Jose Eusequio Jacquez and Maria Francisca Vigil.

daddy and Juan NThis is a great picture of my daddy, sitting in front of Juan Nepo’s headstone.  My dad made a special trip to the cemetery to see his grandfather’s grave, and I love that dad’s cigars are firmly in his pocket, a fresh cigar in his hand. I think my dad’s strong sense of family pride came from his grandfather.

Ha, I’ve digressed.


Juan N (Dad called him Juan N) was born in Colorado but by 1880 was living in Blumfield, New Mexico, in the Rio Arriba area. He was 26, his bride Ana Maria Lujan was 19, and they had a one year old daughter, Sara.


juan n 2

This is such a great picture of the Jaquez family. Here is Ana Marie Lujan, Juan N. (young lady between them is labeled as a servant) then the baby in her lap is my Great Aunt Celia, the little boy in the middle is Great Uncle Onofre and the little girl on Juan N’s lap is Great Aunt Lucy.  The notes at the bottom show this photograph was taken in approximately 1899.

Juan N. ancestors

This is his ancestry: His father is Jose Eusequio Jaquez, Grandfather Felipe de Jesus Jaquez, Great Grandfather Jose Julian Jaquez (son of  Maria Rosa Villalpando in my previous post).

While Juan was born in Colorado, on the 1860 Census we find him in Culebra, Taos, New Mexico Territory. His father is listed as Jose Eusequio Jaques, age 31, mother Francisca Vigil 28, and siblings Victoria Jaques, age 5, Juan Nepi Jaques, age 4, and Josefa Jaques, 9 months old.  His father is listed as a farmer.

In 1875 he married Ana Maria Lujan in San Pedro de Culebra, Costilla Parish, Colorado, USA. There seemed to be a lot of travel between New Mexico and Colorado and that was a tradition that continued for many years.


According to the Territory of New Mexico Report of the Secretary of New Mexico, the State Representatives for Rio Arriba County in 1907 were Diego Archuleta and Juan N. Jaques. Not the first time you will see those two names, Archuleta and Jaques, linked.


This picture hung in my dad’s home for years and is now hung in my living room.

In 1925 Juan N. and Ana Maria celebrated 50 years of marriage.


I think I love this picture the best. He looks so proud, so proper, and so pleased with themselves, as if we have been let in on a secret. His occupation is always listed as farmer and yet in these pictures they are dressed in their Sunday best, ready for their close ups. What a great looking family.




Look at this big bunch of grand kids he has, too. Everyone wanting to get in the picture.

381Names are written around this picture, by I assume my cousin Tommy, looks like Juan N. is seated on the tail end of a pick up, surrounded by more grandchildren.

jacques family This is one of the most recent photographs I have featuring Juan N. I love this picture. It looks like it is from Aunt Dorothy’s wedding. They were married January 14, 1939. In the center, wearing a flower corsage, is Aunt Dorothy, holding her hand is Uncle Sam. Just behind him is my dad, behind my dad is Uncle Ernest (look at Aunt Elsie’s face directly between Aunt Dorothy and Uncle Sam). Next to Aunt Dorothy is Grandpa (Celestino) Jacques, then next is Grandma (Tonita) Jacques and next to her is Juan N. He came to California a lot, spending time with all of his children and grandchildren. Aunt Angie is at the top of the porch, Aunt Celia at the end of the porch, Aunt Della and Uncle Joe on the step above. Just behind Aunt Della is Uncle Eppie holding Perpie. Here is a different shot of the same day, more kids in the background.


This is another great picture of Juan N. here with his son Celestino, Grandsons Ernest and Eppie and Great Grandsons Ernie and Frank.

Juan 2


Juan Nepomuceno died on May 29, 1943 in Denver, Colorado. This is what he left behind:

244This is only part of it, of course. This was taken at a Jacques-Jaquez-Jacquez family reunion in New Mexico.

I implore each of you, if you can, to ask your parents what they know of their history, where their parents came from, where they lived, who they loved and how they died. I promise you there are great stories buried in their history. Okay, I’m off my soapbox now.