Monthly Archives: May 2014

T.S. and Josephine Archuleta – 52 Weeks/52 Ancestors

True confession: If I know you, even just a little bit, I’ve probably stalked your ancestors. I know, I know, my daughter Taylor tells me I can’t just stalk other people’s ancestors but it is really fun to find a wealth of information from just knowing someone’s name, where they came from and where they might have lived. Now, at times, I’ve asked people if I can (Chris Perez and Tammy Lender) but others, I’ve stalked first then asked permission. I feel every ancestor has a story to tell, and I like to practice finding information on others because I may learn something from searching your ancestors that will help me with mine.

My research on my dad’s side of the family has been limited and I have not spent a great deal of time doing the research. But, I do like/dislike how every side of my dad’s family is related to everyone on the other side. Confused? Here’s why:


Tonita Archuleta               Sibling of                 Telesforo Simon Archuleta

Married to                                                                   Married to

CF Jacques                     Sibling of                     Josephine Jacques


We were at lunch the other day with my brother Tim, we ran into my cousin Wendy and her husband.  As soon as we left, my daughter Hailey asked the always dreaded question, “How are we related to them?”

I had to resist the urge to say “We just are” so I tried to explain.

“So, you know how it goes me, Papa Tim, Grandpa Celestino? On Wendy’s side it goes Wendy, her mom Linda, Linda’s mom Effie, Effie’s mom Aunt Celia…” Well, at that point her eyes were glazed over and I lost the battle,  finishing lamely with “We just are.”

Part of the problem stems from the Jacques/Archuleta-ness of where our ancestors came from: Blanco, New Mexico. On a trip to Blanco in the 1990’s, as my dad drove down the street, we saw the mailboxes that lined the road and it would be like this, “Oh, there’s a Jacques.” Two houses down, “Oh, there’s an Archuleta.”

So, now we have TS Archuleta, (brother of Tonita, my grandmother) married to Josephine Jacques, (sister of my grandfather Celestino). Telesforo Simon Archuleta was born on January 5, 1887 in Los Ojos, Parkview, Rio Arriba, New Mexico to Ricardo DeJesus Archuleta and Maria Adriana Valdez.

Los Ojos

This is a beautiful area.

Most of the pictures that I have are of Uncle Simon as a young man. This is him and his father, Ricardo. They must have been very close because most of the pictures are of the two of them.

Uncle Simon and his father

I love this shot of his wedding to Josephine Jacques. She was born on January 8, 1884  in Canon, Largo, New Mexico, and was the child of Juan N. Jacques and Anna Maria Lujan.

Uncle Simon and Aunt Josephine

Most of the pictures that depict T.S. and Josephine show them surrounded by family.


Uncle Simon was a sheep rancher. This picture is one given to me by Tommy Martinez, depicting a Jacquez ranch in Coyote Canyon, NM, north of Gallup, NM.



Josephine Jacques looks like she was a girl who was full of fun.  She has wide expressive eyes and a quick grin (I can tell a lot by photographs, lol)


In 1910, Josephine is living with her parents, Juan N. and Ana Maria and her siblings Bert, Sarah, Celestino, Alex, Onofre, Lucy, Celia, and her sister-in-law Tonita. Josephine is 24 years old. The census shows she marries Uncle Simon in 1910. Her occupation is listed as a teacher in a public school. I think that is so great. I always get a vision of the prim and proper single school teacher (a la Little House on the Prairie).  They live on the same street as the Ramon Jacques family, the Filiberto Jacques family and the Grigorio Jacques family. A lot of Jacques kids on that block. I found the 1880 Census (prior to her 1884 birth) of her parents, but that missing 1890 census could have been really helpful! The loss of the 1890 Census is so maddening.

Anyway, by 1920 she and Uncle Simon are living in Blanco, Josephine is 35 years old, and she has 7 children under the age of 8. They live one house away from Juan N. and Ana Maria (her parents). Also ensconced in Blanco are Celestino, Tonita, and their six children.  They are listed as farmers but I think it was more ranching than farming.


Here is a copy of his draft registration card for World War I. Everyone had to file a card, regardless of whether or not they would be joining the fray.

Uncle Simon Draft Card


Uncle Simon Draft Card 2

In 1929, Josephine Jaquez-Archuleta dies at the age of 45, leaving behind her husband who loved her greatly and 12 children, the youngest, Donald, being just 2 ½ years old. I consulted with Karen Valdez whose mother was Esther Archuleta, because I wasn’t sure how Josephine had died. She said she wasn’t sure either but would check with her brother. She called Uncle Milton who said he didn’t really know but that she had a lot of stomach problems but nothing really definitive. So, I am ordering a copy of her death certificate and will do a follow up once we receive it.

By the 1930 census, Uncle Simon is still living in Blanco, but now only six of his children are living with him.  I thought it was odd that I didn’t find Esther on any census with her parents but Karen said her mother was raised by Aunt Sarah, Josephine’s older sister and lived with them in Durango, Colorado during the school year then returned to her father and siblings during the summer. Once she told me that, I was also able to find Donald living with Aunt Sarah at the age of three. That was comforting to think his aunt had taken Donald home with her, so young to be without a mother.


By the 1950’s Uncle Simon is still working and living on the ranch. In 1953, a lawsuit was brought about by Standard Oil Company against just about every ancestor on our tree, including Uncle Simon.  Uncle Simon did benefit from this law suit. My research continues in this area so I will report more in another post. My cousin DeeJo (Deirdre Josephine), Donald’s daughter, said Uncle Simon was able to live on these funds for the balance of his life.

He stayed close to his family his whole life.


Uncle Simon and Grandma Jacques

My cousin Joey Telena had a copy of his rosary card along with the pictures of Grandma Tonita and Uncle Simon.

Uncle Simon's funeral card

I know most of the Archuleta children that live in California. We attended their weddings, their funerals, and family picnics.  I can’t wait until the 1950 census is released, so that we can see where the children were, where they lived and who they married. Of course, the census is released 72 years after it was recorded, which will be in 2022. Aaack, I don’t think I can wait that long.

CF and Tonita Jacques 52 Ancestors/52 Weeks

Maria Antonia Archuleta and Celestino Fidencio Jacques

To be fair, I have little memory of my grandparents. Celestino Fidencio Jacques was born on November 15, 1886 in Blanco Canyon, Largo, NM to Juan N. Jaquez and Anna Maria Lujan. Seeing as he was already 79 years old when I was born, I was the last grandchild (numbering approximately 33), and I wasn’t named after him (Jacqueline Celeste), I had little contact with him. I do remember him but not in any personal way. I actually remember his brothers better than I remember him, as they came to California for his funeral. But before I get to that, let’s start from the beginning.


He was born smack dab right in the middle of the pack. His older siblings were Sara, Filberto, and Josefina. Then Celestino and his younger siblings Alexandro, Onofre, Lucy, and Celia. As most of the US Census for the year 1890 was destroyed, we must jump ahead to 1900. We find him at the age of 13 living with his parents and siblings. It appears that perhaps his name was originally spelled Selestino. His father was listed as a farmer. Selestino was listed as being in school and that he can read, write, and speak English. I do love that. When you look at his handwriting, you can see how lovely it was. For being raised on a farm, school work was important to this family.


By the Thirteenth Census which was taken on 15th day of April in 1910, we find Selestino still living with his parents at the age of 23, and according to this Census, he was already married to Tonita, age 21. They were married on December 13, 1909. About this time is when he must have changed the spelling of his first name to Celestino, as that is what is listed on this marriage license.

cf and tonita pic

I came across this document one day when I was visiting Aunt Della. I used to drive to Manteca to visit her and take her grocery shopping. She never learned to drive and lived by herself in the 1980’s, so I would drive down, take her to lunch, take her grocery shopping, and then just visit with her. One day we were looking at stuff in her bedroom and when she opened her drawer, I saw what looked like a very old certificate that had been rolled up and kept in her drawer. I asked her about it and she pulled it out to show me. On the back, Celestino had written his and Tonita’s birth dates, along with all of his children, the day they were born and his first three or four grandchildren (yes, at number 33 I didn’t make the list, hahaha). I thought it was extraordinary. I asked Aunt Della if I could borrow it for a bit. She said I could and I promptly took it to a framing shop and had it put in a special frame with glass on both sides so that we didn’t lose the information Celestino had written about his family. I returned it to Aunt Della and she was very pleased with how I had it framed. She decided that I should have it back after she passed away.

Tonita Archuleta was the second to the youngest of her family. If you need a refresher on her parents and heritage, look at my last post of Ricardo DeJesus Archuleta and Maria Adriana Valdez. She had four older brothers but her closest sibling in age was Simon. Her youngest sibling was Geronima.


Their first child was Epifano Nepomuceno Jaques, born April 7, 1911. These are the rest of their children:

Delavina Sinforosa Jaquez (Aunt Della) October 7, 1912
Eduardo Ernesto Jaquez (Uncle Ernest) October 13, 1913
Fidencio Amarante Jaquez (Uncle Fred) November 12, 1914
Francisco Audelio Jaquez (Uncle Frank) December 12, 1915
Juanita Sinforosa Jaquez (Aunt Jane) March 30, 1917
Rosa Dortella Jaquez (Aunt Dorothy) November 3, 1920
Timoteo Celestino Jaquez (Daddy) December 9, 1927
Angelina M Jaquez (Aunt Angie) November 20, 1929

394Fred, Jane, Eppie, Frank and Della

When they lived on the ranch, Tonita was responsible for cooking for her entire family, along with all of the ranch hands too.


One of the joys of researching ancestry is when you come across documents that your ancestor has signed. Here is the draft card for Celestino from World War II.

CF Jacquez

Celestino was working on the farm and by 1935 they had moved to Montrose, Colorado, trying to earn a living.


This is the directory listing for 1938 when Celestino and Tonita were living at 612 E. Jackson Street in Stockton.

CF Jaques



By May 9, 1940, Celestino and Tonita are living in Stockton, along with their children: Timothy, age 12, Angelina, age 10 and granddaughter Maryann Viola, age 5. Celestino had been unemployed for 78 weeks, after having been employed by Public Emergency Work as a laborer for Street Improvement.



About this time, Celestino left the home and Tonita was left to care for the remaining children at home. Timothy did his best to step in for his absent father, becoming the head of the home and helping with his younger sister and niece. Timothy signed up for World War II then sent his paycheck back to his mother and helped purchase her home.



In the end, they were not friends (in case you can’t tell, they are leaning away from each other here in approx. April of 1962)

I do have some memories of Tonita. I can remember sitting on the floor behind her rocker because Uncle Ernest had walked in (he liked to scare me). She had a little glass bird that would tip down (I liked to play with it), but her house was very scary.

After she was ill and in the rest home, my Aunt Angie took Jackie and I to visit Grandma. Each of her grandchildren received a rosary at her funeral.

Grandpa Jacques’ brothers, Uncle Alex and Uncle Onofre both came for his funeral. They were both very nice and I thought it was so exotic that they had come from New Mexico (I was eight).

I think if we examine their relationship and their lives (not too closely, please), the best conclusion we can make is that they made some really great parents. My father was a really great man, loving, responsible, and he thought he was very funny (yes, I know, I have the same “I’m funny” quality). He did the best that he could by his wife, his children, and anyone who knew him.

That is our takeaway. CF and Tonita must have done something right. That spark of specialness in them and in their relationship has been passed down into their children, our children, grandchildren, and those to come. So, our hats are off to you, CF and Tonita, for giving our family a good start.

Ricardo DeJesus Archuleta – 52 Weeks/52 Ancestors

Ricardo DeJesus Archuleta was born on December 20, 1856 in El Rito, Abiquiu Parish, Territory of New Mexico to Jose Toribio Archuleta and Maria De La Luz Trujillo. El Rito (Spanish for Little River) was a short 45-50 miles from Blanco, NM.

El Rito was one of the first Spanish settlements in Northern New Mexico. This small farming community is steeped in a traditional Spanish lifestyle. The area is still a small farming community but with an added bonus in 2014 – now home to the El Rito Studio tour ( which occurs this year on October 4th and 5th. For two days a year, their entire town is turned into a destination for travelers and purveyors of art. Art lovers flock to the street fair, with artists of every medium imaginable selling their wares. That our family was born and stayed in this community into the 1900’s is amazing.

El Rito

Ricardo’s parents, Toribio and Maria Luz Archuleta had six children, two older girls, Juana Ynocencia and Maria Dorotea, then Ricardo and three younger brothers, Delfino, Geronimo and Manclovio. Ricardo was baptized on December 21, 1856 at Santo Tomas de Abiquiu, New Mexico and his godparents were Salvador Madrid and Maria Manuela Manzanares. In the 1870 Census, which was taken on the 28th day of July, we find Ricardo at the age of 14 living with his parents and siblings in El Rito. His father’s profession is listed as farmer. Toribio was listed as being able to read but not write. His mother could neither read nor write but 14 year old Ricardo could read.



Ricardo Archuleta


When I am researching, particularly my mother’s ancestors, I am very precise about what information I take as a “gospel” because I want proof. Here is one instance I would need to see the proof before I can take the information seriously. Ricardo marries Maria Adriana Valdez and according to everything I have found online, the date of their marriage is 1888. Now, my problem with this is that their first child, Alfred, is born in 1877. Maximo is born in 1880, Elfredo in 1884, Telesforo Simon in 1887, Maria Antonia (Tonita, my grandmother) in 1889 and Jeronima (Jerri) in 1894. Looking at the family structure (very catholic), it’s hard to believe they lived together as a family, had children and still not gotten married prior to 1888. Again, I will have to follow up with the information, most likely from the church, in order to verify that information.

Alfredo Jaqueztonita


When I started my blog, I started with my mother’s ancestors because I have been researching them since the 1980’s. So I had done very little research on my father’s side of the family, although I did take a number of trips with my parents all over New Mexico. In 1993 we stopped at a church in Tierra Amarilla, NM when Taylor was just a baby. We got out and tip-toed down the aisle of the church, awed by the beauty of the chapel, then walked around the graveyard located adjacent to the church. We passed by so many headstones baring the Archuleta name, and I wish I had paid closer attention. My dad would say, “Oh, it must be a relative”. We laughed, then climbed back in their van, heading to the next town. Hard to get those times back.

In the 1880 Census, we find Ricardo and Maria living in Rio Arriba. He is listed as a laborer and she has a profession listed as well – seamstress. I think that is so great. She must have been a very strong person. Their oldest son Alfred was 3 and Maximo 2 months old.


I did not locate a 1890 Census for them yet and I will continue my search for that because I feel like it is important to the puzzle. Maria Adriana died in 1897 in Blanco, NM at the age of 36. So young.

Ricardo 1900


By 1900 everything has changed. He is remarried to a woman by the name of Perfecta. So, if we back up just a moment, let’s review where Maria Adriana’s family came into this picture. Her father was Juan Nepomuceno Valdez and her mother was Juana Maria Gertrudis Archuleta. So, her mother was an Archuleta, her father a Valdez and in 1870 they lived in Tierra Amarilla. Then, Maria Adriana marries Ricardo Archuleta. Willing to bet they were related. Now, she had a sister by the name of Maria Perfecta Valdez.

The 1900 Census shows Ricardo and Perfecta living in Largo, NM with son Antonio, age 20 and son Padro, age 19. Also living with them were Jeronima, a niece, age 18, Cresencia, a niece, age 15 and Adriana, a granddaughter, age 6 and Richardo, a grandson and aged 4.

Now, I met Great Uncle Tony, I knew he was only six months apart from my grandmother and I knew his mother was a sister to my Grandmother’s mother. But seeing it on paper makes me feel sad for Maria Adriana, married to a man who has a child with her sister, while she was married to him. Kind of gives me a headache to think about all of it.

By 1920, they live in Largo, NM along with their niece Jeronima, age 26 and his brother Jeronimo, age 62. On the same census, their neighbors are Teodoro Archuleta and family, Manuel Archuleta and family, Jose Archuleta and family and Manclovio Archuleta and his family. Ricardo is working as a sheep raiser.

In 1930 they live in Blanco, New Mexico, he is 73 years old, Perfecta is 74 years old and it is the first time we don’t find him living on a farm, rather he is living in town but they are still caring for a granddaughter by the name of Edwargen, age 9.

Ricardo DeJesus Archuleta died on April 3, 1931 at 74 years old.


All of the photographs in this post were given to me by Tommy Martinez, with the exception of the photograph of El Rito, taken from the El Rito Studio Tour website.